Georgia State of America

Georgia, 4th State
(Wisdom, justice, and moderation)
  • Name (after King George II of Great Britain): “Georgia”; “tiller of the soil/ farmer.”
  • Governor: Brian Kemp ( Republican Party)
  • Capital: Atlanta
  • Population: 10,736,059 (2020), 8th-most populous.
  • Location: Georgia is the part of the Southern Region of the United States, Georgia is a South Atlantic state.
  • North; Tennessee, North Carolina
  • Northeast; South Carolina
  • South; Florida
  • West;  Alabama
  • Southeast; Atlantic Ocean
  • Area: 153,952 km2/59,441 mi2 , 24th by rank
  • Postal abbreviation: GA
  • Admitted to Union: January 2, 1788
  • Official language: English
1.      State’s Symbols
  • State Tree: Live Oak
  • State Wildflower: Native Azalea
  • State Crop: Peanut
  • State Grass: none
  • State Flower: Cherokee Rose
  • State Vegetable: Vidalia Onion
  • State Fruit: Peach
  • State Food:
    1. State BBQ Cookoff – Beef: Shoot the Bull Barbecue Championship
    2. State BBQ Cookoff – Pork: Slosheye Trail Big Pig Jig
    3. State Prepared Food: Grits
  • State Insect: Honeybee
  • State Fish: Largemouth Bass
  • State Marine Fish: Red Drum
  • State Land Mammal: White-Tailed Deer
  • State Marine Mammal: Northern Right Whale
  • State Amphibian: Green Tree Frog
  • State Dinosaur: none
  • State Reptile: Gopher Tortoise
  • State Bird: Brown Thrasher
  • State Game Bird: Bobwhite Quail
  • State Game Fish: Southern Appalachian Brook Trout
  • State Horse: none
  • State Dog: Adoptable Dog
  • State Butterfly: Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly
  • State Pet: N/A
  • State Seashell: Knobbed Whelk
  • State Fossil: Shark Tooth
  • State Rock: none
  • State Gemstone: Quartz
  • State mineral: Staurolite
  • State Sports: none
  • State Songs: Georgia on My Mind
  • State Holiday: Georgia Day, February 12
  • State Tartan: Georgia District Tartan
  • State Poet Laureate:  Chelsea Rathburn
  • State Folk Dance: Square Dance
  • State Folk Festival: North Georgia Folk Festival
  • State Folk Life Play Swamp Gravy
  • State Firearm: none
  • State Tall Ship: none
  • State School: Plains High School
  • State Theater: Springer Opera House
  • State Musical Theatre: Jekyll Island Musical Theatre Festival
  • State Peanut Monument: Peanut Monument
  • State Museum:
    1. State Art Museum: Georgia Museum of Art
    2. State Railroad Museum: Georgia State Railroad Museum
  • State Historical Society: Georgia Historical Society
  • State Possum: Pogo Possum
  • State Waltz: Our Georgia 
2.       Geography Facts
  • Land:  57,919 km(150,010 mi2), 24th
  • Water: 1,522 km(3,942 mi2), 24th
  • Coastline: 161 km,(100 mi), 16th
  • Shoreline: 3,772 km, (2,344 mi), 12th
  • State Forests:  6
  • National Forests: 2
  • State Parks: 63
  • State Beach: N/A
  • National Parks: 3
  • Water: 3.2%
  • Largest city (by area): Atlanta (354.2 km²)
  • Largest city (by population):Atlanta (523,738people)
  • Lowest point: Georgia; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest
  • Highest point: Brasstown Bald; 4,784 feet, (1,458 m), 25th tallest

 

3.       Facts about Georgia
  • Georgia has the largest aquarium in the world, housing more than 100,000 aquatic animals in over 10 million gallons of water.
  • Coke was formulated in a drugstore in Columbus, Georgia in May 1886 by John Pemberton.
  • In 1945, Georgia became the first state to change the legal voting age from 21 to 18.
  • Although Georgia is called the Peach State, beside peaches, it is also the nation’s top producer of peanuts, pecans, and Vidalia onions.
  • Wesleyan College, Macon, founded in 1836 was the first college in the world chartered to grant degrees to women.
  • Elberton, the largest city of Georgia, is the Granite Capital of the World. According to Geologists, the granite deposit is about 35 miles long, 6 miles wide, and 2-3 miles deep.
  • Stone Mountain, often called a pink granite dome, near Atlanta, is large single masses of exposed granite.
  • The world’s largest drive-in restaurant, The Varsity, can be found in Atlanta, stretching over two acres. It can accommodate 600 vehicles at a time.
  • Georgia has the oldest state park in the nation.
  • Key Cities: Atlanta, Savannah, Augusta, Columbus, Macon.
  • Nickname/s: Peach State, Empire State of the South.
  • Major industries: Agriculture, film, energy, automotive, tourism.
  • Famous for: Centennial Olympic Park, Blue Ridge Scenic Railway, Stone Mountain Park, Eternal Word Television Network.
  • Area codes: 229, 404, 470, 478, 678, 706, 762, 770, 912
4.       Natural Resources
  • Forests ( 60% of Georgia’s land is pine forest)
  • Lumber (pine)
  • public hunting lands (over 1 million acres)
  • Water bodies:
    1. rivers and lakes.
    2. coastal shores.
  • Marshes and Wetlands, Crops:
    1. Corn
    2. Cotton
    3. Peanuts
    4. Peaches
    5. Pecans
    6. Soybeans
    7. Tobacco
  • Rock and mineral resources:
    1. Clay
    2. Sand
    3. Gravel
    4. Copper
    5. Marble
    6. Kaolin (important)
    7. Manganese
  • Fossil fuel:
    1. Coal

 

5.       Mountains

             Mountains Ranges:

  • Brasstown Bald
  • Rabun Bald
  • Hightower Bald
  • Dick’s Knob
  • Wolfpen Ridge
  • Blood Mountain
  • Tray Mountain
  • Grassy Ridge
  • Slaughter Mountain
  • Double Spring Knob
  • Coosa Bald
6.       Divisions
  • 159 Counties
  • 500 Cities
  • N/A Towns

 

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