Illinois State of America

Illinois, 21st State
(State sovereignty, national union)
  • Name (Algonquin ): “iliniwok” or “illiniwek”; “tribe of superior men” or “best people”
  • Governor: B. Pritzker (Democratic Party)
  • Capital: Springfield
  • Population:  12,659,682 (2020), (6th-most populous)
  • Location: Illinois is located in the Midwest region of the United States.
    1. North: Wisconsin,
    2. East: Indiana,
    3. Southeast: Kentucky,
    4. Northwest: Iowa,
    5. Southwest:
  • Area: 150,007 km2/57,918 mi2, 25th by rank
  • Postal abbreviation: IL
  • Admitted to Union: December 3, 1818
  • Official language: English
1.       State’s Symbols
  • State tree: White Oak
  • State Prairie Grass: Big Bluestem
  • State flower: Violet
  • State food
    1. State Fruit: Goldrush Apple
    2. State Vegetable & Grain: Sweet Corn
    3. State Pie: Pumpkin Pie
    4. State Snack Food: Popcorn
  • State Animal: White-tailed Deer
  • State Fish: Bluegill
  • State Amphibian: Eastern Tiger Salamander
  • State Dinosaur: none
  • State Reptile: Painted Turtle
  • State Bird: Northern Cardinal
  • State Horse: none
  • State Dog: none
  • State Butterfly: Monarch Butterfly
  • State Pet: Shelter Dogs & Cats
  • State Fossil: Tully Monster
  • State Soil: Drummer Soil
  • State Rock: none
  • State Gemstone: none
  • State mineral: Fluorite
  • State Exercise: Cycling
  • State Songs: Illinois
  • State Tartan:
  • State Artifact: Pirogue
  • State Poet Laureate:  Kevin Stein
  • State Folk Dance: Square Dance
  • State Firearm: none
  • State Tall Ship: none
  • State Theater: The Great American People Show
2.      Geography Facts
  • Land: 143,985 km(55,593 mi2), 24th
  • Water: 6,022 km(2,325 mi2), 20th
  • Great Lakes: 6,594 km (2,546 mi) , 5th
  • State Forests: 5
  • National Forests: 2
  • State Parks: 43
  • Beaches: 22
  • National Parks: none
  • National Historic Site: 1 (Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield)
  • National Monument: 1 (Pullman National Monument in Chicago)
  • Water: 4.1%
  • Largest city (by area): Chicago (606.1 km²)
  • Largest city (by population): Chicago (2,694,236 people)
  • Lowest point: Illinois; 279 feet, (85m), 32nd lowest
  • Highest point: Charles Mound; 1,235 feet, (376 m), 45th tallest
3.      Facts about Illinois
  • The state ranks first in producing pumpkins and second in producing corn.
  • The Chicago River is one of the few in the world that flows backward.
  • It was the first state to ratify the 13th amendment to abolish slavery.
  • Illinois houses the world’s largest bottle of catsup.
  • Morton, IL is the “pumpkin capital of the world.” It supplies more than 85% of packaged pumpkin.
  • The Nabisco factory in Chicago is the world’s largest bakery covering an area of at 1,800,000 square feet.
  • The creator of Popeye the Sailorman cartoon, Elzie Crisler Segar, was born in Chester, Illinois.
  • The first public office that Abraham Lincoln took was as a postmaster in New Salem, IL.
  • Robert Pershing Wadlow, the world’s tallest man, was born in Alton, IL. He was 8’11”, weight 491 lbs and wore a size 37 shoe.
  • On the 6th of April, 1930, in River Forest, Illinois, Twinkies were invented.
  • Illinois stands first among all other states in generating nuclear power.
  • Aurora, also known as the “City of Lights”, was the first city of the U.S. which installed street lights throughout the city.
  • Nickname/s: Prairie State, Land of Lincoln.
  • Major industries: Agriculture, Manufacturing (machinery, cloth, food items, chemicals), Mining, Services.
  • Famous for: Abraham Lincoln Historic Sites, Sears Tower.
  • Area codes: 217, 224, 309, 312, 331, 618, 630, 708, 773, 779, 815, 847, 872
4.      Natural Resources
  • Agriculture
    1. Corn
    2. Soybeans
    3. Hay
    4. Wheat
    5. Rye
    6. Oats
    7. Grain sorghum
  • Fruit Agriculture:
    1. Apples
    2. Melons
    3. Peaches
  • Vegetable Agriculture:
    1. Asparagus
    2. Cabbage
    3. Lima beans
    4. Snap beans
  • Livestock:
    1. Hogs
    2. Beef cattle
    3. Chickens
  • Livestock products;
    1. Milk
    2. Eggs
  • Forestry:
    1. Black walnut
    2. Oaks (red and white)
    3. Yellow poplar
    4. Ash
    5. Hickory
    6. Maples (hard and soft)
  • Mining:
    1. Coal (bituminous)
    2. Petroleum
    3. Crushed stones
    4. Sand and gravel
    5. Tripoli
    6. Abrasive silica
5.      Mountains

            Mountains Peaks: 240

            Prominent Peaks:

  • Charles Mound
  • Benton Mound
  • Mount Sumner
  • Hudson Mound
  • Scales Mound
  • Squirrel Grove Mound
  • Simmons Mound
  • Williams Hill
  • Horseshoe Mound
6.       Divisions
  • 102 Counties
  • 300 Cities
  • 19 Towns
  • 980 Villages

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