Maryland, 7th State
“Fatti maschii, parole femine”
(Strong Deeds, Gentle Words)
- Name (In honor of Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England): “Maryland”; “Mary’s Land”.
- Governor: Larry Hogan (Republican Party).
- Capital: Annapolis
- Population: 6,083,120 (2020), (19th most populous).
- Location: Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the eastern United States.
- North; Pennsylvania,
- East; Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean,
- South; District of Columbia, Virginia, West Virginia,
- West; West Virginia.
- Area: 32,134 km2/12,407 mi2, 42nd by rank
- Postal abbreviation: MD
- Admitted to Union: April 28, 1788
- official language: English
1. State’s Symbols
- State tree: White Oak
- State Grass: none
- State flower: Black-Eyed Susan
- State food:
- State Dessert: Smith Island Cake
- State Drink: Milk
- State Insect: Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly
- State Fish: Rockfish
- State Crustacean: Blue Crab
- Amphibian: none
- State Dinosaur: Astrodon johnstoni
- State Reptile: Diamondback Terrapin Turtle
- State Bird: Baltimore Oriole
- State Horse: Thoroughbred
- State Dog: Chesapeake Bay Retriever
- State Cat: Calico Cat
- State Fossil: Ecphora gardnerae
- State Rock: none
- State Gemstone: Patuxent River Stone
- State mineral: none
- State Sports: Jousting
- State Team Sport: Lacrosse
- State Exercise: Walking
- State Songs: Maryland, My Maryland
- State Tartan: none
- State Poet Laureate: Grace Cavalieri
- State Folk Dance: Square Dance
- State Seal: Seal of Maryland
- State Firearm: none
- State Boat: Skipjack
- State Theater: Center Stage
- State Summer Theater: Olney Theatre Center
2. Geography Facts
- Land: 25,317 km2 (9,775 mi2), 42nd
- Water: 6,819 km2 (2,633 mi2), 18th
- Coastline: 50 km, (31 mi), 20th
- Shoreline: 5,134 km, (3,190 mi), 9th
- State Forests: 7
- National Forests: none
- State Parks: 40
- Beaches: N/A
- National Parks and sites: 15
- Water: 21.8%
- Largest city (by area): Baltimore (239 km²)
- Largest city (by population): Baltimore (590,479 people)
- Lowest point: Maryland; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest
- Highest point: Backbone Mountain; 3,360 feet, (1,024 m.) 32nd tallest
3. Facts about Maryland
- The national anthem of USA was written by a well-known lawyer named Francis Scott from Maryland
- Francis Academy was the first dental school in the world, founded in 1828. This became the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery in 1839.
- The USA’s first dental school was opened at the University of Maryland. Also, The first school in the United States, King Williams School, opened in Maryland in 1696.
- The Maryland Gazette is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States which was founded in 1727.
- William Goddard opened the first Post Office system in the United States in Baltimore in 1774.
- Between Washington and Baltimore, in 1844, the first telegraph line in the world was established.
- The first agricultural research college in the United States was created by Charles Benedict Calvert in 1856.
- In 1835 United States’ longest bridge was build between Relay, Maryland, and Elkridge, Maryland; named Thomas Viaduct, which is still being used.
- On October 10, 1845, the United States Naval Academy was founded, in Annapolis.
- Skipjacks, the only commercial sailing fleet in North America are found in Tilghman Island.
- Annapolis is known as the sailing capital of the world.
- Havre de Grace is known as the decoy capitol of the world.
- The Maryland State House is the oldest state capitol and it is still continuously legislating.
- Nickname/s: Old Line State, Free State, Little America, America in Miniature.
- Key Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis, Ocean City, Columbia
- Major industries: Aerospace and defense, fishing, life sciences, manufacturing, cybersecurity.
- Famous for: Johns Hopkins University, Annapolis US Naval Academy, Chesapeake Bay, Assateague Wild Ponies
- Area codes: 240, 301, 410, 443
4. Natural Resources
- sweet corn
- Fruit crop:
- Atlantic croakers
- Striped bass
- White perch
- Beef cattle
- Mining and Minerals:
- sand and gravel
- Portland cement
- natural gas
Best Mountains to Visit:
- Sugarloaf Mountain
- Maryland Heights
- South Mountain
- Sideling Hill
- Savage Mountain
- Backbone Mountain
- Catoctin Mountain
- Dan’s Mountain
- 24 Counties
- 516 Cities
- N/A Towns