Maryland State of America

Maryland, 7th State
“Fatti maschii, parole femine”
maryland flag
(Strong Deeds, Gentle Words)
  • Name (In honor of Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England): “Maryland”; “Mary’s Land”.
  • Governor: Larry Hogan (Republican Party).
  • Capital: Annapolis
  • Population:  6,083,120 (2020), (19th most populous).
  • Location: Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the eastern United States.
    1. North; Pennsylvania,
    2. East; Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean,
    3. South; District of Columbia, Virginia, West Virginia,
    4. West; West Virginia.
  • Area: 32,134 km2/12,407 mi2, 42nd by rank
  • Postal abbreviation: MD
  • Admitted to Union: April 28, 1788
  • official language: English
1.      State’s Symbols
  • State tree: White Oak
  • State Grass: none
  • State flower: Black-Eyed Susan
  • State food:
    1. State Dessert: Smith Island Cake
    2. State Drink: Milk
  • State Insect: Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly
  • State Fish: Rockfish
  • State Crustacean: Blue Crab
  • Amphibian: none
  • State Dinosaur: Astrodon johnstoni
  • State Reptile: Diamondback Terrapin Turtle
  • State Bird: Baltimore Oriole
  • State Horse: Thoroughbred
  • State Dog: Chesapeake Bay Retriever
  • State Cat: Calico Cat
  • State Fossil: Ecphora gardnerae
  • State Rock: none
  • State Gemstone: Patuxent River Stone
  • State mineral: none
  • State Sports: Jousting
  • State Team Sport: Lacrosse
  • State Exercise: Walking
  • State Songs: Maryland, My Maryland
  • State Tartan: none
  • State Poet Laureate: Grace Cavalieri
  • State Folk Dance: Square Dance
  • State Seal: Seal of Maryland

maryland seal

  • State Firearm: none
  • State Boat: Skipjack
  • State Theater: Center Stage
  • State Summer Theater: Olney Theatre Center
2.       Geography Facts
  • Land: 25,317 km(9,775 mi2), 42nd
  • Water: 6,819 km(2,633 mi2), 18th
  • Coastline: 50 km, (31 mi), 20th
  • Shoreline: 5,134 km, (3,190 mi), 9th
  • State Forests: 7
  • National Forests: none
  • State Parks: 40
  • Beaches: N/A
  • National Parks and sites: 15
  • Water: 21.8%
  • Largest city (by area): Baltimore (239 km²)
  • Largest city (by population): Baltimore (590,479 people)
  • Lowest point: Maryland; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest
  • Highest point: Backbone Mountain; 3,360 feet, (1,024 m.) 32nd tallest
3.      Facts about Maryland
  • The national anthem of USA was written by a well-known lawyer named Francis Scott from Maryland
  • Francis Academy was the first dental school in the world, founded in 1828. This became the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery in 1839.
  • The USA’s first dental school was opened at the University of Maryland. Also, The first school in the United States, King Williams School, opened in Maryland in 1696.
  • The Maryland Gazette is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States which was founded in 1727.
  • William Goddard opened the first Post Office system in the United States in Baltimore in 1774.
  • Between Washington and Baltimore, in 1844, the first telegraph line in the world was established.
  • The first agricultural research college in the United States was created by Charles Benedict Calvert in 1856.
  • In 1835 United States’ longest bridge was build between Relay, Maryland, and Elkridge, Maryland; named Thomas Viaduct, which is still being used.
  • On October 10, 1845, the United States Naval Academy was founded, in Annapolis.
  • Skipjacks, the only commercial sailing fleet in North America are found in Tilghman Island.
  • Annapolis is known as the sailing capital of the world.
  • Havre de Grace is known as the decoy capitol of the world.
  • The Maryland State House is the oldest state capitol and it is still continuously legislating.
  • Nickname/s: Old Line State, Free State, Little America, America in Miniature.
  • Key Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis, Ocean City, Columbia
  • Major industries: Aerospace and defense, fishing, life sciences, manufacturing, cybersecurity.
  • Famous for: Johns Hopkins University, Annapolis US Naval Academy, Chesapeake Bay, Assateague Wild Ponies
  • Area codes: 240, 301, 410, 443
4.       Natural Resources
  • Agriculture:

    1. Wheat
    2. Hay
    3. Barley
    4. Tobacco
  • Vegetable crop:

    1. sweet corn
    2. Tomatoes
    3. Fruit crop:
    4. Apples
  • Livestock:

    1. Broilers
    2. Turkeys
    3. Hogs
    4. Cattle
  • Fishing:

    1. Atlantic croakers
    2. Catfish
    3. Clams
    4. Crabs
    5. Menhaden
    6. Oysters
    7. Scallops
    8. Striped bass
    9. Flounder
    10. White perch
    11. Swordfish
    12. Tuna
  • Livestock products:

    1. Eggs
    2. Milk
    3. Beef cattle
    4. Turkeys
    5. Hogs
    6. Mining and Minerals:
    7. limestone
    8. sand and gravel
    9. Marble
    10. Portland cement
    11. Clay
  • Fossil fuel:

    1. Coal
    2. Peat
    3. natural gas
5.       Mountains

 Mountains: 82

Best Mountains to Visit:

  • Sugarloaf Mountain
  • Maryland Heights
  • South Mountain
  • Sideling Hill
  • Savage Mountain
  • Backbone Mountain
  • Catoctin Mountain
  • Dan’s Mountain
6.       Divisions
  • 24 Counties
  • 516 Cities
  • N/A Towns

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