Alabama, 22nd State
Audemus jura nostra defendere
(We dare defend our rights)
Alabama facts. A quick guide about 50 states.
- Name (Choctaw): “Alba”; vegetation/plant, “Amo”; gatherer/picker.
- Governor: Kay Ivey (Republican Party)
- Capital: Montgomery
- Population: 4,779,736 (2020), (24th-most populous)
- Location: United States’ southern region. It is bordered by;
- North, Tennessee,
- East; Georgia,
- South; Florida, and the Gulf of Mexico,
- West; Mississippi.
- Area: 135,765 km2/52,419.16 mi2 ,30th by rank
- Postal abbreviation: AL
- Admitted to Union: Tuesday, December 14, 1819
- Official language: English
1. State’s Symbols
- State Tree: Southern longleaf pine.
- State Flower: Camellia
- State Nut: Pecan
- State Salt Water Fish: Tarpon
- State Fresh Water Fish: Largemouth Bass
- State Amphibian: Red Hills salamander
- State Reptile: Alabama Red-billed turtle
- State Bird: Yellowhammer
- State Game Bird: Wild Turkey
- State Horse: Racking
- State Insect: Monarch Butterfly
- State Rock: Marble
- State Gemstone: Star Blue Quartz
- State Songs: Alabama, Sweet Home Alabama, Stars Fell on Alabama
- State Poet laureate: Jennifer Horne
2. Geography Facts
- Land: 135,775 km2 (50,750 mi2), 30th
- Water: 4,333 km2 (1,673 mi2), 23rd
- Coastline: 85 km (53 mi), 17th
- Shoreline: 607 km (607 km), 19th
- State Forests: 21
- State Parks: 22
- Water: 3.4%
- Largest city (by area): Huntsville
- Largest city (by population): Birmingham
- Lowest point: the Gulf of Mexico at sea level
- Highest point: Cheaha Mountain at 2,407 ft, 733 m
3. Facts about Alabama
- Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world.
- One of the coolest Alabama facts is, NASA’s Marshal Space Center in Huntsville launched the first rocket to put humans on the moon.
- In Montgomery, 1886, the world’s first Electric Trolley System was introduced.
- Among all other states, Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel.
- Nicknames: The Yellowhammer State, Cotton State, Heart of Dixie.
- Key cities: Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery, Huntsville.
- Major industries: Automotive, Chemicals, Information technology (IT), Forestry, Aerospace.
- Known for: Iron and steel natural resources, Southern hospitality, sweet tea, and football—especially the fierce rivalry between the Auburn Tigers and the Alabama Crimson Tide.
- Area codes: 205, 251, 256, 334, 938
- Zip Codes
4. Natural Resources
- Pines (major wood resource)
- Yellow poplar
- Fossil Fuel:
- Natural gas
- Iron ore
- Cheaha Mountain
- Lookout Mountain
- Monte Sano Mountain
- Red Mountain
- Courtesy of Britt Blake
- Talladega Mountains
- Bald Rock Mountain
- Oak Mountain
- Courtesy photo
- Sand Mountain
- Taylor Mountain
- 67 Counties
- 169 Cities
- 291 Towns