Alabama

alabama
Alabama, 22nd State
Audemus jura nostra defendere
(We dare defend our rights)

Alabama facts. A quick guide about 50 states.

  • Name (Choctaw): “Alba”; vegetation/plant, “Amo”; gatherer/picker.
  • Governor: Kay Ivey (Republican Party)
  • Capital: Montgomery
  • Population:  4,779,736 (2020), (24th-most populous)
  • Location: United States’ southern region. It is bordered by;
    • North, Tennessee,
    • East; Georgia,
    • South; Florida, and the Gulf of Mexico,
    • West; Mississippi.
  • Area: 135,765 km2/52,419.16 mi2 ,30th by rank
  • Postal abbreviation: AL
  • Admitted to Union: Tuesday, December 14, 1819
  • Official language: English

 

1.    State’s Symbols

 

  1. State Tree: Southern longleaf pine.
  2. State Flower: Camellia
  3. State Nut: Pecan
  4. State Salt Water Fish: Tarpon
  5. State Fresh Water Fish: Largemouth Bass
  6. State Amphibian: Red Hills salamander
  7. State Reptile: Alabama Red-billed turtle
  8. State Bird: Yellowhammer
  9. State Game Bird: Wild Turkey
  10. State Horse: Racking
  11. State Insect: Monarch Butterfly
  12. State Rock: Marble
  13. State Gemstone: Star Blue Quartz
  14. State Songs: Alabama, Sweet Home Alabama, Stars Fell on Alabama
  15. State Poet laureate: Jennifer Horne

 

2.     Geography Facts

 

  1. Land: 135,775 km(50,750 mi2), 30th
  2. Water: 4,333 km(1,673 mi2), 23rd
  3. Coastline: 85 km (53 mi), 17th
  4. Shoreline: 607 km (607 km), 19th
  5. State Forests: 21
  6. State Parks: 22
  7. Water: 3.4%
  8. Largest city (by area): Huntsville
  9. Largest city (by population): Birmingham
  10. Lowest point: the Gulf of Mexico at sea level
  11. Highest point: Cheaha Mountain at 2,407 ft, 733 m

 

3.     Facts about Alabama

 

  • Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world.
  • One of the coolest Alabama facts is, NASA’s Marshal Space Center in Huntsville launched the first rocket to put humans on the moon.
  • In Montgomery, 1886, the world’s first Electric Trolley System was introduced.
  • Among all other states, Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel.
  • Nicknames: The Yellowhammer State, Cotton State, Heart of Dixie.
  • Key cities: Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery, Huntsville.
  • Major industries:  Automotive, Chemicals, Information technology (IT), Forestry, Aerospace.
  • Known for: Iron and steel natural resources, Southern hospitality, sweet tea, and football—especially the fierce rivalry between the Auburn Tigers and the Alabama Crimson Tide.
  • Area codes: 205, 251, 256, 334, 938
  • Zip Codes
4.      Natural Resources

 

  • Forestry:
    1. Pines (major wood resource)
    2. Oak
    3. Gum
    4. Yellow poplar
  • Fossil Fuel:
    1. Coal
    2. Petroleum
    3. Natural gas
  • Mineral:
    1. Limestone
    2. Marble
    3. Sulfur
  • Iron ore
5.     Mountains

Best Mountains for Visit

  • Cheaha Mountain
  • Lookout Mountain
  • Monte Sano Mountain
  • Red Mountain
  • Courtesy of Britt Blake
  • Talladega Mountains
  • Bald Rock Mountain
  • Oak Mountain
  • Courtesy photo
  • Sand Mountain
  • Taylor Mountain
6.      Divisions
  • 67 Counties
  • 169 Cities
  • 291 Towns

 

 

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