Massachusetts State of America

Massachusetts, 6th State
“Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem ”
(By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty)
  • Name (Massachusetts Indian tribe): “Massachusetts”; “a large hill place”.
  • Governor: Charlie Baker (Republican Party)
  • Capital: Boston
  • Population:  6,976,600 (2020), (15th most populous).
  • Location: It is located in the New England region of the north-Eastern United States.
    1. North: New Hampshire and Vermont,
    2. East: Atlantic Ocean,
    3. South: Connecticut and Rhode Island,
    4. West: New York.
  • Area: 27,337km2/10,555 mi2, 44th by rank
  • Postal abbreviation: MA
  • Admitted to Union: February 6, 1788
  • official language: English

 

1.      State’s Symbols
  • State tree: American Elm
  • State flower: Mayflower
  • State food:
    • State Berry: Cranberry
    • State Bean: Baked Navy Bean
    • State Dessert: Boston Cream Pie
    • State Cookie: Chocolate Chip Cookie
    • State Donut: Boston Cream Donut
    • State Beverage: Cranberry Juice
    • State Muffin: Corn Muffin
  • State Insect: Ladybug
  • State Fish: Cod
  • State Shell: New England Neptune
  • State Marine Mammal: Right Whale
  • State Amphibian: none
  • State Dinosaur: none
  • State Reptile: Garter Snake
  • State Bird: Black-Capped Chickadee
  • State Game Bird: Wild Turkey
  • State Groundhog: Ms. G
  • State Horse: Morgan Horse
  • State Dog: Boston Terrier
  • State Cat: Tabby Cat
  • State Fossil: Dinosaur Tracks
  • State Rock: Roxbury Puddingstone
  • State Gemstone: Rhodonite
  • State mineral: Babingtonite
  • State Explorer Rock: Dighton Rock
  • State Glacial Rock: Rolling Rock
  • State Historical Rock: Plymouth Rock
  • State Building Stone: Granite
  • State Sports: Basketball
  • State Recreational & Team Sport: Volleyball
  • State Songs:
    1. State Song: All Hail to Massachusetts
    2. State Poem: The Blue Hills of Massachusetts
    3. State Patriotic Song: Massachusetts (Because of You our Land is Free)
    4. State Polka Song: Say Hello to Someone from Massachusetts
    5. State Folk Song: Massachusetts
    6. State Glee Club Song: The Great State of Massachusetts
  • State Tartan: N/A
  • State Poet Laureate: none
  • State Inventor: Ben Franklin
  • State Heroine: Deborah Samson Gannett
  • State Folk Hero: Johnny Appleseed
  • State Folk Dance: Square Dance
  • State Firearm: none
  • State Vessel: Ernestina
  • State Children’s Book: Make Way for Ducklings
  • State Children’s Author & Illustrator: Dr. Seuss
  • State Artist: Norman Rockwell
  • State Ceremonial March: The Road to Boston
  • State Soil: Paxton Soil Series
2.       Geography Facts
  • Land: 20,300 km(7,838 mi2), 45th
  • Water: 7,037  km(2,717 mi2), 17th
  • Coastline: 309 km, (192 mi), 10th
  • Shoreline: 2,445 km, (1,519 mi), 15th
  • State Forests: 34
  • National Forests: none
  • State Parks: 48
  • Public Beaches: 65
  • National Parks: 20
  • Water: 26.1 %
  • Largest city (by area): Boston (232.1 km²)
  • Largest city (by population): Boston (710,195 people)
  • Lowest point: Massachusetts; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest
  • Highest point: Greylock; 3,491 feet, (1,064 m.) 31st tallest

 

3.      Facts about Massachusetts
  • Chocolate chip cookies were invented here.
  • Massachusetts was a focal point of the American Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the abolitionist movement, and the development of American arts and media.
  • Massachusetts is the birthplace of two popular sports, Basketball and Volleyball.
  • Some of the famous colleges like Harvard College are here. Also, it is one of the biggest college destinations in the U.S. for domestic and international students.
  • Massachusetts was the first state to write and adopt a constitution (1780), which was a model for the country’s Constitution. This Constitution is the oldest still in use in the world.
  • The first lighthouse in America was built in Boston Harbor in 1716.
  • Boston houses the oldest public park in the U.S.
  • The first chocolate factory of U.S. was in Boston.
  • The first U.S. subway was build here in 1897, the Tremont Street Subway.
  • Boston’s Ted Williams Tunnel is the deepest in North America, about 90 feet underneath the earth’s surface.
  • Once Christmas was banned in Massachusetts.
  • Nickname/s: Bay State, Old Bay State, Pilgrim State, Puritan State, Old Colony State, Baked Bean State
  • Key Cities: Boston, Springfield, Salem, Cambridge, Plymouth, Worcester.
  • Major industries: Life sciences, textile mills, finance, information technology, manufacturing, renewable energy.
  • Famous for: Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard, Nantucket Island, Boston Symphony, Berklee College of Music, Harvard University.
  • Area codes: 339, 351, 413, 508, 617, 774, 781, 857, 978

 

4.       Natural Resources

 

  • Agriculture:

    1. Hay
    2. Cranberries
    3. sweet corn
    4. Apples
    5. Corn
    6. Fruit, tree nuts and berries
    7. Melons
  • Gemstones and Minerals:

    1. Sand
    2. Gravel
    3. Granite
    4. Marble
    5. Lime
    6. Rhodonite
    7. Pyrite
    8. Rhodochrosite
    9. Spessartine garnets
    10. Almandine garnets
    11. Tephroite
  • Fossil fuel:

    • Peat
5.      Mountains

           Mountains: 78

          Best Hikes:

  • Moore State Park
  • Mount Watatic
  • Rock House Reservation
  • Lookout Rock
  • Green Hill Park
  • Wachusett Mountain Reservation
6.        Divisions
  • 14 Counties
  • 57 Cities
  • 294 Towns

 

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