Alaska

Alaska
Alaska, 49th State
(North to the future)

Alaska facts. A quick guide about 50 states.

  • Name (Aleut): “alaxsxaq“; “the mainland/the object towards which the action of the sea is directed”.
  • Governor: Mike Dunleavy (Republican Party)
  • Capital: Juneau
  • Population:  734,002(2020), (49th-most populous)
  • Location: United States’ Northwest extremity of the United States West Coast. It is bordered by;
    • North, Beaufort Sea and the Arctic Ocean,
    • East; Canada,
    • South; Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean,
    • West;  Russia(Chukotka Autonomous Okrug), Bering Sea, the Bering Strait, and the Chukchi Sea.
  • Area: 1,070,831 km2/665,384 mi2 ,1st by rank
  • Postal abbreviation: AK
  • Admitted to Union: Tuesday, January 3, 1959
  • official language/s: English (plus 20 native languages as co-official languages)Inupiaq, Siberian Yupik, Central Alaskan Yup’ik, Alutiiq, Unangax, Dena’ina, Deg Xinag, Holikachuk, Koyukon, Upper Kuskokwim, Gwich’in, Tanana, Upper Tanana, Tanacross, Hän, Ahtna, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian

 

1.      State’s Symbols

 

  • State tree: Sitka Spruce
  • State flower: forget-me-not
  • State nut: Pecan
  • State Fish: King salmon
  • State Amphibian: Boreal Toad
  • State Reptile: none
  • State Bird: willow ptarmigan
  • State Game Bird: none
  • State Dog: Alaskan Malamute
  • State Land Mammal: Moose
  • State Marine Mammal: Bowhead Whale
  • State Horse: Racking
  • State Insect: Four-Spot Skimmer Dragonfly
  • State Fossil: Woolly Mammoth
  • State Rock: none
  • State Gemstone: Jade
  • State mineral: gold
  • State Songs: Alaska’s Flag
  • State Sport: Dog Mushing
  • State Holiday: Seward’s Day, Alaska Day

 

2. Geography Facts

 

  • Land: 135,775 km(570,641 mi2), 1st
  • Water: 4,333 km(94,743mi2), 1st
  • Coastline: 10,686 km (6,640 mi), 1st
  • Shoreline: 54,563 km (33,904 mi), 1st
  • State Forests: 4
  • State Parks: 156+
  • Water: 2%
  • Largest city (by area): Sitka (12,471 km²)
  • Largest city (by population): Anchorage (285,634 people)
  • Lowest point: Alaska; sea-level -l0 ft (meeting the Pacific Ocean, the Bering Sea, and the Arctic Ocean)
  • Highest point: McKinley; 20,320 feet, (6,194 m)

 

3.       Facts about Alaska

 

  • It is the only state that does not collect state sales tax or levy an individual income tax (some cities have a sales tax, however)
  • It produces more than 60% of the commercial fisheries in the U.S. Five species of salmon, four species of crab, cod, shrimp, halibut and more are harvested here.
  • Prudhoe Bay, on the northern Alaskan coast, is North America’s largest oil field.
  • Alaska has the highest peak in North America (20,320 feet above sea level), Denali.
  • Nickname: The Last Frontier
  • The closest distance between mainland Alaska and mainland Russia is about 55 miles.
  • Lake Hood in Anchorage is the world’s largest and busiest seaplane base
  • Large cities: Anchorage (285,634),Juneau (31,435),Fairbanks (30,996), Knik-Fairview (17,513),Badger (18,792)
  • Major industries: Its industrial outputs are crude petroleum, natural gas, coal, gold, precious metals, zinc and other mining, seafood processing, timber and wood products
  • Known for: Hiking, Paddling, nature’s views (, running rivers, glaciers), Fishing, Majestic Wilderness(humpback whale, bears, moose, musk ox, Dall sheep), Gold Rush, Oil
  • Nearly one-third of the state lies within the Arctic Circle. A kid Benny Benson designed Alaska’s flag in 1926 at age 13 in a kids flag design competition.
4.        Natural Resources

 

  • Meat and Natural life:
    1. Crabs
    2. Fish (especially King Salmon)
    3. Reindeer
    4. Shrimp
  • Livestock products:
    1. Dairy
    2. Fur
  • Agriculture:
    1. Greenhouse products
    2. Hay
    3. Potatoes
    4. Vegetables
  • Forestry
    1. Metals
    2. Platinum
    3. Gold
    4. Silver
    5. Lead
    6. Zinc
  • Fossil fuel:
    1. Coal
    2. Natural gasses
    3. Oil
  • Stone, crushed
  • Gemstones:
    1. Jade
    2. Amethyst
    3. Fluorite
    4. Garnet
    5. Platinum Nugget

 

5.        Mountains

Best Mountains for Visit

  • Mount Alyeska
  • Denali (Mount McKinley) 20,310 feet
  • Mount Drum
  • Mounts Deborah & Hess
  • Mount Foraker
  • Mount Huntington
  • Mount Marathon
  • Mount Roberts
  • Mount Russell (11,670 feet)
  • Mount Spurr Volcano
  • Mount Redoubt Volcano
  • The Tusk
  • Mount Wrangell Volcano
  • Penguin Peak Flyover

 

6.       Divisions

 

  • 29 Counties
  • 149 cities
    • 19 first-class cities
    • 116 second-class cities
    • 4 unified home rule municipalities (which are considered both boroughs and cities)
    • 10 home rule cities

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